Physics

News & Events

Monday, August 21, 2017

Solar Eclipse Viewing

Safely see the Great American Solar Eclipse through an array of telescopes

In our region the eclipse starts around 1:20 pm and ends around 4:00 pm, with the eclipse maximum occurring around 2:45pm.  Note that it will only be a partial eclipse here, so there is no qualitatively different "minutes of totality" to see (or miss) that people in other parts of the country will be able to witness, just a gradual darkening and lightening.
Time: 1:15 pm – 4:00 pm
Location: Campus Walk (Above Kline)
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Thursday, September 14, 2017

Ancient European Dog Genomes Reveal Continuity Since the Early Neolithic

Krishna VeeramahStony Brook University


Time: 12:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Thursday, September 14, 2017

Climate Change and Behavioral Economics: Implications for Policy
 

Howard KunreutherJames D.  Dinan Professor of Decision Sciences and PolicyCo-Director of Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes CenterWharton School  University of Pennsylvania  

We face challenges in dealing with potentially catastrophic events associated with climate change. Most individuals do not think about investing in energy efficient measures to reduce global warming or undertaking protective actions to reduce damage to their homes from future floods or hurricanes until after a disaster occurs. I will use concepts from behavioral economics and psychology to highlight why we ignore these risks and recommend public-private sector partnerships that provide economic incentives for taking steps now rather than waiting until it is too late.
 
Time: 4:40 pm
Location: Olin, Room 102
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Thursday, September 28, 2017

Degradation-resistant Proteins:
Biological, Disease, and Biotechnology Implications

Wilfredo Colón, Ph.D.Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Thursday, September 28, 2017

Village of Red Hook Municipal Sewer Project

Brent KovalchikArchitect and Deputy Mayor of Red Hook, NY 

The Village of Red Hook’s Municipal Sewer Project has been developing for over seventy years. Countless planning documents, initiatives, two failed referendums and the path to final completion will be explored.  The project addresses the Village’s economic development future and protection of drinking water supplies for residents and institutions that rely on the Saw Kill Watershed’s aquifer, tributaries and streams for their own needs.
 
Through the example of a municipal infrastructure project, we will discuss the work involved with gathering and documenting the research, finding the necessary funding, advocating for its necessity, and navigating the bureaucratic and regulatory paperwork required to realize this most important project.
 
Time: 4:40 pm
Location: Olin, Room 102
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Thursday, October 5, 2017

Effects of Viruses on Plant Fitness:
A Plant Ecologist's Foray into Plant Virus Ecology

Helen AlexanderUniversity of Kansas


Time: 12:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Thursday, October 12, 2017

The Evolution of Animal Flight From a Biomechanics Perspective

David E. AlexanderUniversity of Kansas

Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Monday, October 30, 2017

A Reading by Diane Ackerman

The celebrated author reads from The Zookeeper’s Wife

On Monday, October 30, at 2:30 p.m. in Weis Cinema, Bertelsmann Campus Center, Diane Ackerman reads from The Zookeeper’s Wife. Sponsored by the Innovative Contemporary Fiction Reading Series, introduced by Bradford Morrow and followed by a Q&A, the reading is free and open to the public; no tickets or reservations are required.

The Zookeeper’s Wife, a little known true story of WWII, enjoyed months as the New York Times #1 nonfiction bestseller, was the basis for the 2017 feature film of the same title, and received the Orion Book Award, which honored it as “a groundbreaking work of nonfiction, in which the human relationship to nature is explored in an absolutely original way through looking at the Holocaust. A few years ago, ‘nature’ writers were asking themselves, How can a book be at the same time a work of art, an act of conscientious objection to the destruction of the world, and an affirmation of hope and human decency? The Zookeeper’s Wife answers this question.”

Diane Ackerman’s other works of nonfiction include An Alchemy of Mind, a poetics of the brain based on the latest neuroscience; Deep Play, which considers play, creativity, and our need for transcendence; A Slender Thread, about her work as a crisis line counselor; The Rarest of the Rare and The Moon by Whale Light, in which she explores the plight and fascination of endangered animals; On Extended Wings, her memoir of flying; and her bestseller, A Natural History of the Senses. Her most recent book, The Human Age: The World Shaped by Us, a celebration of the natural world and human ingenuity, and an exploration of human-driven planetary change, received the P.E.N. Henry David Thoreau Award for Nature Writing.

Several of Ackerman's books have been Pulitzer Prize and National Book Circle Critics Award finalists. She also has the rare distinction of having a molecule named after her—dianeackerone— a pheromone in crocodilians. Her essays about nature and human nature have been appearing for decades in the New York Times, New Yorker, American Scholar, Smithsonian, National Geographic, and elsewhere.

Any supporter who donates $500 or more to Bard’s literary journal Conjunctions receives a BackPage Pass providing VIP access to any Fall 2017 or future event in the Innovative Contemporary Fiction Reading Series. Have lunch with a visiting author, attend a seminar on their work, and receive premium seating at their reading. Or you can give your BackPage Pass to a lover of literature on your gift list! To find out more, click here or contact Micaela Morrissette at conjunctions@bard.edu or (845) 758-7054.
Time: 2:30 pm
Location: Campus Center, Weis Cinema
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Thursday, November 2, 2017

Poisons, Predators, and Parasites:
Integrating Ecological and Evolutionary Complexity into Toxicology

Jessica HuaBinghamton University SUNY 


Time: 12:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Tuesday, November 14, 2017

AMC 8 Contest

Sponsored by the Bard Math Circle

The AMC 8 is a 25-question, 40-minute, multiple choice examination in middle school mathematics designed to promote the development and enhancement of problem-solving skills.
The contest is paired with an engaging math talk at the middle school level, presented by a Bard mathematician.

The Bard Math Circle hosts this annual event to promote a culture of mathematical problem solving and math enrichment in the mid-Hudson Valley.
Time: 4:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center
Website: Event Website
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Thursday, November 16, 2017

Integrating Livestock and Wildlife in an African Savanna

Felicia Keesing, Biology Program


Time: 12:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Thursday, November 30, 2017

How to Plan a Meaningful Summer

Felicia KeesingBiology Program


Time: 12:00 pm
Location: Reem-Kayden Center Laszlo Z. Bito '60 Auditorium
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Thursday, November 30, 2017

Harlem and the Roots of Gentrification, 1965-2003

Brian Goldstein, Swarthmore College

In the last four decades of the twentieth century, Harlem, New York—America’s most famous neighborhood—transformed from the archetypal symbol of midcentury “urban crisis” to the most celebrated example of “urban renaissance” in the United States. Once a favored subject for sociologists studying profound poverty and physical decline, by the new millennium Harlem found itself increasingly the site of refurbished brownstones, shiny glass and steel shopping centers, and a growing middle-class population. Drawing from Brian Goldstein’s new book, The Roots of Urban Renaissance: Gentrification and the Struggle Over Harlem (Harvard University Press, 2017), this lecture will trace this arc by focusing on competing visions for Harlem's central block. In doing so, it will reveal the complicated history of social and physical transformation that has changed this and many American urban centers in the last several decades. Gentrification is often described as a process controlled by outsiders, with clear winners and losers, victors and victims. In contrast, this talk will explore the role that Harlemites themselves played in bringing about Harlem’s urban renaissance, an outcome that had both positive and negative effects for their neighborhood. 
Time: 4:40 pm
Location: Olin, Room 102
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Past Events

  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2015
  • 2014
  • 2013
  • 2012
  • 2011
  • 2010
  • 2009
  • 2008

    • 2014

      Senior Project Poster Session

      December 11
      Reem-Kayden Center

      Students presenting: 

      Oliver Bruce, Michael DiRosa, Jacob Fauber, Andy Huynh, Caitlin Majewski, Henry Meyers, Cameron West, Clare Wheeler

      Advisers:
      Rebecca Thomas, Matthew Deady, Keith O’Hara, James Belk, Csilla Szabo, Sven Anderson, Sarah Dunphy-Lelii, Christopher LaFratta



      Watching the Wave Function Collapse

      December 3
      Hegeman 107

      Recent advances in superconducting quantum bits and quantum limited amplifiers have enabled a number of experiments that probe fundamental questions in quantum optics, open quantum systems, and continuous measurement. I will describe recent experiments where we use weak, continuous measurement to monitor the evolution of a superconducting qubit as it evolves in competition between driven evolution and the random evolution associated with measurement. By tracking individual quantum trajectories that evolve between an arbitrary choice of initial and final states we can deduce the most probable path through quantum state space. These results reveal the rich interplay between measurement dynamics, typically associated with wave function collapse, and unitary evolution of the quantum state as described by the Schrödinger equation.


      Using the Earth as a Polarized Electron Source to Search for Long-Range Spin-Spin Interactions

      November 19
      Hegeman 107

      Many extensions of the standard model of particle physics predict the existence of long-range spin-spin interactions. We have developed an approach which uses the Earth as a polarized spin source to investigate these interactions.  We combine recent deep-Earth geophysics and geochemistry results with precise tabulations of the geomagnetic field to create a comprehensive map of electron polarization within the Earth.  We examine possible long-range interactions between these spin-polarized geoelectrons and the spin-polarized electrons and nucleons in three laboratory experiments.  By combining our model and the results from these experiments we establish new stringent bounds on torsion gravity and possible long-range spin-spin forces associated with the virtual exchange of either spin-one axial bosons or unparticles.  The resulting bound on the spin-spin force between an electron and a neutron is one million times smaller than their gravitational attraction.



      Believing We're Seeing the Big Bang*
      (*or, a time shortly thereafter)

      November 12
      Hegeman 107

      Not long after the Big Bang (in cosmic time), the universe went through a transition from being filled with hot, glowing, opaque plasma to being a dark and transparent nursery for the formation of stars and galaxies. An afterglow of light from that early plasma epoch still lingers, giving us a glimpse of a very different universe more than thirteen billion years ago. Observations of this microwave-wavelength light (called the Cosmic Microwave Background, or CMB) have enabled profound insights into cosmic structure and history and helped to establish the current standard cosmological model.  

      In recent years, some of the most important CMB discoveries have been made by ground-based telescopes, including the South Pole Telescope. Studying the CMB from the ground is exceptionally difficult because the earth's atmosphere glows in microwaves — ten million times brighter than the faint signals we hope to discern from deep space. In this talk I will describe some clever observing and data analysis tricks we use to disentangle CMB signal from atmospheric noise, and reveal what goes on behind the scenes to turn raw and messy South Pole Telescope data into something we "believe" — compelling new evidence to test and refine cosmological models.


      Quantum Mechanics in Non-Inertial Reference Frames

      October 22
      Hegeman 107

      Among the key physical principles that underlie quantum mechanics are the principle of superposition (quantum states can be combined to produce other states) and the principle of relativity (all inertial reference frames are equivalent). These two principles are synthesized and implemented in quantum theory by means of unitary representations of the relevant spacetime symmetry group—Galilei group in the nonrelativistic case and the Poincare group in the relativistic case. In fact, much of the essential structure of quantum mechanics is determined by these group representations. They provide us with a means to derive and understand emblematic features of the theory, such as the Heisenberg commutation relations, Schrodinger equation and discrete values of angular momentum.  However, since the principle of relativity as encoded in Galilei and Poincare groups is a statement about inertial reference frames, a quantum theory based on these groups is also a theory, much like Newton's mechanics,  that holds in inertial reference frames. In this talk, I will present my recent attempts to expand the notion of relativity to include accelerating, noninertial reference frames and develop a quantum theory grounded on the unitary representations of the groups of transformations that tie together noninertial reference frames. I will discuss how the resulting formalism allows us to understand the nature and role of some signature features of noninertial reference frames, including fictitious forces and the equivalence principle,  in the quantum setting.

      The Invention of Blue: The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

      October 15
      Hegeman 107

      Fall in the Hudson Valley and the trees are displaying their full array of colors, but noticeably absent from this spectrum is blue. A similar absence had for many decades left a vacancy in the production of artificial light. While the semiconductor revolution brought with it computational advances in the form of transistors, energy advances in the form of photovoltaic solar panels, and illumination advances in the form of light emitting diodes, the creation of a solid state source of purely blue light remained elusive. In this talk I’ll give an overview of how Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura, the 2014 Nobel Laureates in physics, overcame technical and non-technical barriers to create the first sources of blue light, and explain why this color holds the key to setting off a 21st century revolution in energy efficiency.


      Relaxation and Thermalization in Isolated Interacting Quantum Systems

      October 8
      Hegeman 107

      We consider one-dimensional isolated interacting quantum systems that are taken out of equilibrium instantaneously. Three aspects are addressed: (i) the relaxation process, (ii) the size of the temporal fluctuations after relaxation, (iii) the conditions to reach thermal equilibrium. The relaxation process and the size of the fluctuations depend on the interplay between the initial state and the Hamiltonian after the perturbation, rather than on the regime of the system. They may be very similar for both chaotic and integrable systems. The general picture associating chaos with the onset of thermalization is also further elaborated. It is argued that thermalization may not occur in the chaotic regime if the energy of the initial state is close to the edges of the spectrum, and it may occur in integrable systems provided the initial state is sufficiently delocalized.

      Bard Summer Research Institute Poster Session

      September 23
      Reem-Kayden Center

      Join faculty and students who participated in this year's Bard Summer Research Institute in presenting their work!


      Maker Faire!

      September 20

      The Science, Mathematics & Computing Division will be sending a bus down to the New York Hall of Science in Queens, NY on Saturday, September 20. Space on the bus is LIMITED. The bus will depart RKC promptly at 9 a.m. and return to campus at approximately 7 p.m.

      Tickets to get into the Faire and a spot in the van are $30.00.  

      CASH ONLY, EXACT CHANGE ONLY.
      Reservations will be accepted until Friday, September 12

      TO RESERVE YOUR TICKET AND A SPOT IN THE VAN, 
PLEASE SEE MEGAN KARCHER, RKC 219. Office hours are Monday-Friday, 8:00-4:00 p.m.


      Planetary Science From the Top Down:

      The Exoplanet Opportunity

      September 17
      Hegeman 107

      What started as a trickle in the mid 1990's is now a torrent, with over one thousand extrasolar planets currently known, and thousands of candidates awaiting confirmation. The study of exoplanets has already revolutionized our view of planet formation, and will soon do the same to our understanding of planetary atmospheres and interiors. The diversity of exoplanets gives us the leverage to crack hard problems in planetary science: cloud formation, atmospheric circulation, plate tectonics, etc. However, the characterization of exoplanets presents a challenge familiar to astronomers: our targets are so distant that we only see them as unresolved dots. I will describe how we can extract spatially-resolved snapshots of planets from such observations. These data are sufficient to constrain low-order climate models and therefore give us insight into the effects of clouds, heat transport, and geochemical cycling. Coarse measurements for a large number of planets are the perfect complement to detailed measurements of Solar System worlds. That is the exoplanet opportunity.

      Summer Research Presentations

      September 10
      Hegeman 107

      Quantum and Fractional Quantum Hall Effects in Hybrid Graphene
      Bard Nanolab,  Bard College
      By: Andrés Martinez de Velasco, Daniel Waldo, Maya Weingrod Sandor
      Graphene is a two-dimensional allotrope in which the classical Hall Effect exhibits a quantization of available electronic states in the material which produces ballistic--zero resistance--conduction. This can be seen in Hall voltage measurements at high magnetic fields where dips to zero in the transverse resistance and plateaus in the longitudinal resistance appear. This phenomenon is known as the Quantum Hall Effect and requires strong magnetic fields and very low temperatures for its observation. In order to study this phenomenon, samples of graphene on Boron Nitride were fabricated using a variety of techniques and procedures, ultimately yielding samples with various four terminal measurement options available.
      Transportation of Ultra-Stable Light via Optical Fiber Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)
      California Institute of Technology
      By: Emily Conant
      It has been demonstrated that polarization-maintaining single mode optical fiber can be used to transport frequency-stable light. It is desired to transport stable light to other labs in the building to serve as a frequency reference for various experiments investigating different sources of noise in gravitational-wave detectors. Stable light has been obtained from ultra-stable Fabry-P'{e}rot cavities by use of the Pound-Drever-Hall locking technique. We have mode matched stable light into the fiber and are using a double-pass acousto-optic modulator (AOM) configuration to cancel fiber phase noise. We use a beamsplitter to interfere the stable light and double passed light onto a photodiode as a homodyne detection, which is connected to a phase-locked loop (PLL) to measure the beat frequency. From there, we analyze the noise in the system by measuring the power spectral density of the PLL control signal with a spectrum analyzer. We have measured the expected dominant sources of noise in the system by using a similar PLL set-up and suppressed them.  We cancel the fiber phase noise by locking the optical beat to the signal generator in the PLL.  
      Characterization of Nanowires for Red LASER on {001} Silicon
      Center for Photonics and Multiscale Nanomaterials
      University of Michigan
      By: Trevor LaMountain
      As technology decreases in size, electronic systems, like those found on a microchip, encounter a scaling problem.  The resistance of a current carrying wire is inversely proportional to its cross-sectional area.  This large resistance in microelectronic systems leads to slower, less efficient devices.  Fortunately, photonics systems, using photons to carry information instead of electrons, do not encounter such scaling problems.  It is therefore desirable to replace certain components of microelectronic systems with photonics.  However, in order to create such an integrated system, we require a coherent light source (LASER) that can be constructed on the same {001} silicon substrate that modern microchips use.  In this talk I discuss the novel methods used to create a red-emitting laser structure on {001} silicon, and in particular highlight the material characterization methods used to measure the composition of alloys used in this device.

      Summer Research Presentations

      September 3
      Hegeman 107

      Single-molecule Conductance as a Tool for Understanding Solar Cell Efficiency
      Columbia University with the Energy Frontier Research Center 
in the Applied Physics and Mathematics Division
      By: Ingrid Stolt

      In this project, Scanning Tunneling Microscope-Break Junction (STM-BJ) techniques were used to measure the single-molecule conductance of a group of compounds each containing a different central unit (a molecule sandwiched  between a distinct pair of atom chains). Many of these central units have been implemented in the design of organic semiconductors for Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) devices. The goal was to use these conductance measurements to gain an understanding of the structural and electronic properties of these compounds in order to further understand why the central units lead to high/low  efficiency when used in OPVs. The presentation will be a summary of the measurements done on one particular compound and how the results can be interpreted.


      Electron spin resonance on-a-chip
      National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
      By: Henry Clark Travaligni

      We discuss Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy (ESR), and develop a room temperature measurement set up for ESR measurements performed on a high dielectric substrate.




      Pre-health Professions 101: How to Prepare

      August 25
      RKC 101

      Professor Frank Scalzo
      Health Professions Adviser, Bard CollegeProfessor Scalzo will introduce the pathways leading to post-baccalaureate degrees in the health professions, including allopathic medicine, osteopathic medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, etc. etc. The discussion will be tailored to the interests of the audience.  If you are interested in a health profession, but have not attended a similar previous discussion, you should attend this one.


      Senior Project Poster Session

      May 15
      Reem-Kayden Center

      Exploring Nanoscale Material Properties through Quantum Mechanics and High-Performance Computing

      April 22
      RKC 115

      Density functional theory (DFT) is a powerful method used to obtain solutions to the many-electron Schrӧdinger equation in condensed matter systems, and calculations using DFT are particularly well-suited for parallelization over as many as several thousand computer cores. DFT can be used to study the structural, electronic and vibrational properties of nano-structured materials from a first-principles perspective without the need for experimental parameterization. In this talk, I will discuss various DFT calculations and their applications to nano-materials of technological relevance, in particular materials for future device technology. Specific applications include mapping the free energy landscape for impurity diffusion across semiconductor interfaces, understanding the enhanced electrical conductance of ultra-small metallic  nanowires, and tuning the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes through the dielectric environment. These studies suggest new ways of manipulating quantum transport in atomic scale materials.


      Inelastic Collisions of NaK and NaCs Molecules with Atomic Perturbers

      April 17
      Hegeman 107

      I will discuss our studies of inelastic collisions of gas phase NaK and NaCs molecules with various atomic perturbers (Ar, He, K, Cs) using the spectroscopic technique optical-optical double resonance. The experiment is conducted by means of laser induced fluorescence (LIF) and polarization labeling (PL) spectroscopy. From the combination of LIF and PL spectra, we can determine certain properties of the inelastic collision. Such properties include perturber dependent collision rate coefficients, observations of strong propensities for ΔJ=even transitions in some cases, fraction of orientation lost in rotationally inelastic collisions, rate coefficients for vibration changing collisions, and collision line-broadening rates.